The fifth phase of 2018 (total issue 66), life is supreme, safety is the day
(2018 Safety Production Month Special Edition)
Life is supreme, safety is heaven
---2018 Safe Production Month (Sangyang Energy Group Safety Production Committee)
Security, when you have it, it doesn't seem to feel anything, but when you lose it, you really feel how happy it is to have it. Everyone wants to live a long and healthy life, and everyone wants to live happily, but if there is no security as a guarantee, it will all be lost. What does security mean? For one person and one family, safety means health and safety; for a company, safety is the prerequisite for survival and development. In short, without security, there is nothing. Safety is a song that requires us to sing every day; safety is a book, we need to read it from time to time; safety is a game of chess, we need to take a step and see two steps; safety is the responsibility, heavier than Mount Tai.
"The sea does not choose a trickle, so it can become a big one; the mountain does not refuse the fine soil, can it be high." Xiangyang Energy Group has maintained a relatively stable security situation for many years, benefiting from the group company to the project company, each The high level of attention and strong support of the leaders in the safety production work is inseparable from the obscurity and careful work of the safety supervision personnel, and the result of strict implementation of the safety operation procedures by all employees. However, security must not be slack and fortunate. We need to tighten this string at any time and continue to treat the safe production with the cautious attitude of “small ice, such as the abyss” and “light weight”. . Safety production always has only a starting point and no end point. Only all positions and all personnel are clear and implement their own safety responsibilities in safety work. Everyone is safe and always safe at all times to ensure long-term safe production of the group company.
More lightning in summer, prevention knowledge
First, the generation of lightning
When the weather is hot and humid, the water on the ground is heated to steam, and rises with the heated air on the ground, and meets the cold air in the air, causing the rising water vapor to condense into small water droplets to form cumulus clouds. The water droplets in the cloud are hit by a strong air current, splitting into small droplets and large water droplets. The larger water droplets are positively charged and the small water droplets are negatively charged. Subtle water droplets accumulate with the wind to form a negatively charged thundercloud; larger positive water droplets often land on the ground to form rain, or to float in the air. Due to electrostatic induction, negatively charged thunderclouds induce positive charges on the earth's surface. In this way, a huge capacitor is formed between the thundercloud and the earth. When the electric field strength is large and exceeds the breakdown strength of the atmosphere, the discharge between the thundercloud and the earth occurs, which is generally called lightning strike.
Second, the characteristics of lightning
First, the inrush current is large. Up to tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of amps. Second, the time is short. Generally, the lightning strike is divided into three stages, namely, pilot discharge, main discharge, and residual light discharge, and the whole process does not exceed 60 microseconds (1 second = one million microseconds). Third, the impact voltage is high. Its induced voltage can reach hundreds of millions of volts. Third, lightning protection precautions 1, open space, building tops, tall trees, close to rivers and lakes, and wet areas are lightning-prone accident-prone areas. Therefore, when thunder and rain, it is strictly forbidden to stay at the top of the mountain or in the high hills. Do not hide under the big trees, towers or telephone poles, or walk or stand in the open fields. You should hide in the low places as soon as possible, or try to find them as much as possible. Dry caves dodge. 2. During thunderstorms, do not use metal handle umbrellas, remove metal frame glasses, watches, belts, and leave bicycles and metal objects to avoid electrical conduction and be hit by lightning. 3. In thunderstorms, do not go swimming, boating, fishing, etc. Don't call your cell phone empty. To kneel down, put your feet together and hold your knees. 4. In the case of lightning and thunder, immediately unplug the indoor TV, recorder, audio, air conditioner and other electrical plugs to avoid electrical conduction. When thundering, it is safer in the center of the room. Do not stay under the electric light. Avoid relying on pillars, wall edges, metal doors and windows, radiators, and water pipes. Do not shower at home, especially solar water heaters on the roof to avoid accidents caused by inductive electricity during thunder. 5. In the event of thunderstorms, it is best to hide in a building with metal doors and windows or lightning rods. A metal body car is also the best "lightning ground". Once these buildings or cars are struck by lightning, their metal frame or lightning protection device or metal itself will direct lightning current into the ground. 6. When a lightning strike occurs, if the breathing and heartbeat have stopped at that time, you should immediately do mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest-thoracic heart massage on the spot and actively carry out on-site rescue. Do not rush to the hospital for emergency treatment, otherwise it will die at the wrong time, and should continue to carry out artificial respiration and chest massage on the way to the hospital. If there are mental symptoms such as arrogance, convulsions and convulsions, it is necessary to make a head cold.
The old man privately climbed the tree to pick and fall, who is responsible?
- Editor's note
Although this case is a civil dispute, it has certain reference and inspiration for us. The incident was very simple. At first glance, it seems that Wu had climbed the tree and climbed the tree to climb Yangmei. It should be responsible for it. It has nothing to do with the village committee, but the relevant laws and regulations define the village committee to bear certain responsibilities. In association with our daily production, operation, construction, maintenance and other activities, although we have packaged the project (small to green, house repair) to the external unit, and clearly defined the safety responsibility in the contract, once an accident occurs during construction, we will Still have to take responsibility. This is because although the construction party is the main body of safety responsibility, we have the environment and conditions for the construction of the construction party (which is part of ours), and the responsibility for supervising the safety protection measures of the construction party in the whole process. . Therefore, in the previous safety inspections, the group company issued some rectification opinions on hidden dangers. On the surface, although it is nothing, it is even considered to be nitpicking and making a fuss, and in the event of an accident, these "small things" become evidence of responsibility. This also confirms that "details determine success or failure" and "safety is no small matter."
Hongshan Village, Laijiao Town, Huadu District, Guangzhou City is a 3A-level tourist scenic spot. No tickets are collected. A piece of bayberry tree next to the riverside of Hongshan Village is owned by the village committee, but no free picking service has been provided to villagers or tourists. On the afternoon of May 19, 2017, Wu accidentally fell from the tree when he picked the bayberry from the tree. After Wu was injured, someone called 120, but 120 ambulances have not arrived. The Hongshan Village Committee has an infirmary, but there was no staff in the infirmary. It was alleged that the infirmary staff had already left work. Wu was then taken to the hospital by the villagers and died on the same day because of the rescue.
The family members of the deceased believed that the reason for Wu’s fall was that the branches were dry and broken. Yangmeishu has a low grafting area and is easy to climb. Every year when the bayberry is mature, there are a large number of viewing people climbing the trunk, picking the bayberry, and even looting. The village committee turned a deaf ear to this and never took any safety risk prevention measures such as safety diversion or management. The family members of the deceased also believed that after the accident in this case, the village committee did not take timely and necessary rescue measures, violated the mandatory provisions of the law, and was responsible for Wu’s death.
The court held that the deceased Wu, as an adult, had picked up Yangmei from the tree without the consent of the village committee. It should be expected to be dangerous, so it should be responsible for its own damage.
The focus of the dispute in this case is whether the village committee should bear the responsibility for compensation. According to Article 37 of the Tort Liability Law, managers of public places such as hotels, shopping malls, banks, stations, entertainment places, or organizers of mass activities fail to fulfill their security obligations and cause harm to others. Bear the tort liability. According to this, the court pointed out that the security guarantee must comply with the principle of fault liability, that is, the actor will bear civil liability only if there is a fault; if there is no fault, he will not bear civil liability. The main contents of the security guarantee obligation include two aspects: First, the security guarantee obligation of the “object” is mainly reflected in the obligation of custody, maintenance and equipment. The second is the safety guarantee obligation of “people”, which mainly reflects the need to provide appropriate personnel to provide protection to foreigners who are involved in social activities and to prevent foreign infringement. However, the heavy responsibility of the security guarantee obligor should not be expanded without restriction. The premise of the responsibility is that the victim in the process of rational use of the facilities and equipment, due to the safety hazard of the facility equipment itself or the damage caused by the lack of timely assistance. In this case, Yang Meishu itself has no hidden dangers, and Wu is a dangerous person because of his own age.
According to Article 80 of the Tourism Law, tourism operators should make explanations or warnings to tourists on the correct use of relevant facilities and equipment in tourism activities and the ways that may endanger the safety of tourists and property. Therefore, as the owner of Yangmeishu and the scenic spot manager, the village committee should be aware that there are tourists or villagers picking up bayberry in the scenic spot, which may endanger the safety of personal property, but it does not pick the bayberry and climb the bayberry tree. The danger of the corresponding warnings, there is a certain fault.
According to Articles 79 and 81 of the Tourism Law, after an emergency or a travel safety accident occurs, the tourism operator shall immediately take necessary rescue and disposal measures, and the 3A-level scenic spot shall establish an emergency rescue mechanism. Set up a medical office, at least with part-time medical staff, with emergency response plans. After Wu fell from the Yangmei tree, the village committee had an infirmary, but the relevant personnel had already left work, and the defendant did not set up the necessary emergency handling plan, which caused Wu to be unable to get medical assistance in time. There is a certain fault in the expansion. Based on the actual situation of the case, the court of first instance determined that the defendant should bear 5% of the responsibility, that is, compensation of 45,096.17 yuan.
After the verdict was pronounced in the first instance, the family members of the deceased and the village committee refused to accept the judgment and appealed to the Guangzhou Intermediate People's Court. After the trial of the second instance court in recent days, the two parties refused the appeal and upheld the original judgment.
Report: Hanjiang State Investment Corporation
Send: Various departments of the group company, each project company